advertising: advertising that misleads the consumer,
either directly or by implication, about any material fact or characteristic
of a product or service.
Protocol: 1987 protocol to the Vienna Convention
on Protection of the Ozone Layer which controls CFCs, halons and other
substances (methyl chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, HCFCs, methyl
bromide) deemed to deplete the Earth's protective ozone layer. The
Protocol was amended in London (1990), Copenhagen (1992), Montreal
(1997) and Beijing (1999) to tighten deadlines and add new substances.
mutagen: a substance which can cause
changes in the DNA of cells (i.e., cause mutations).
able to cause mutations.
Nagoya Protocol: protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity, adopted in 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, covering access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of such resources.
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs): although the term has been used in climate change negotiations since the 13th UNFCCC Conference of Parties held in 2007, as yet there is no agreed definition or single set of criteria for what constitutes a NAMA. Generally speaking, NAMAs are voluntary greenhouse gas mitigation measures that contribute to the transformation of an economy towards low-carbon growth.
(NGO): as the name implies, a group not officially linked
to or controlled by a government. NGOs represent different segments
of civil society, such as industry sectors, environmentalists, trade
unions, consumers, churches, charities, etc. that seek access to the
non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation:
electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths greater than 0.16 micrometers. It
does not alter the structure of atoms, but can heat tissue and may
harm the health of living beings. Examples include ultraviolet, radio
waves, microwaves, and electromagnetic fields from high-voltage power
North American Commission
for Environmental Cooperation (CEC): a Montreal-based
international organization created by Canada, Mexico and the US under
a side agreement to NAFTA known as the North American Agreement on
Environmental Cooperation. The CEC was created to address regional
environmental concerns, help prevent potential conflicts related to
environmental matters, and promote effective enforcement of environmental
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA):
free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the US.
American Regional Action Plan (NARAP): A common plan
of action on persistent toxic substances (PTS), including specific
national commitments (such as new programs, measures and norms), commonly
agreed by Canada, Mexico and the US.
labeling: information on a food or beverage label that
relates to energy value and to certain nutrients present in significant
amounts, such as protein, carbohydrate, fat, fibre, sodium, vitamins
concept in liability law where a party can be held liable for damage
even when they followed required law.
waste: waste derived from animal and plant materials.
In the waste management context, this usually refers to food and yard
Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD): Paris-based organization created
in 1960 to promote sustainable economic growth and employment of its
member states while maintaining financial stability. The OECD's 34 member states include
most European nations plus Australia, Canada, Chile, Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, the US
and South Korea. OECD norms related to environment often become or
strongly influence global standards and practices in areas such as
biotechnology, chemicals, detergents, energy, wastes and the use of