Temas Glossary

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protected area: as defined by the World Conservation Union: "an area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means."

Ramsar Convention: treaty signed in Ramsar, Iran in 1971 that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Convention has some 167 Contracting Parties and has resulted in the listing of 2,122 wetland sites totaling 205.3 million hectares. The IUCN serves as secretariat for the convention, based in Gland, Switzerland.

reactive: explodes or reacts violently with air or water.

recycling: the minimization of waste generation by recovering usable materials that might otherwise become waste.

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD): defined by the UN as an effort to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests, offering incentives for developing countries to reduce emissions from forested lands and invest in low-carbon paths to sustainable development. REDD+ includes not just deforestation and forest degradation, but also the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.

remediation: improvements made to reduce environmental impacts and improve the state of a site.

renewable energy: energy sources constantly renewed by natural process, such as solar, wind, wave, geothermal, hydropower and technologies based on biomass.

Responsible Care: the international chemical industry program designed to improve environmental and safety performance of chemical companies and promote product stewardship.

reuse: material or product reuse without any structural changes in materials.

reverse logistics: term used in Brazilian waste law to refer to take-back.

right-to-know: in the environmental law context, a legal requirement that a business or government provide certain information to the community about defined potential environmental and health hazards.

Rio+20: the June 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Rio Principles: the 27 principles comprising the Declaration on Environment and Development adopted at the June 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Rio Summit: the June 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Rotterdam Convention: international treaty on international trade in hazardous chemicals signed in Rotterdam, The Netherlands in 1998. The Rotterdam Convention requires exporters trading in a list of hazardous substances to obtain the prior informed consent of importers before proceeding with the shipment.It initially covered 22 pesticides and five industrial chemicals, but 14 chemicals were addded in 2004, followed by tributyltin compounds in 2008 and aldicarb, alachlor and endosulfan in 2011.

safety data sheet (SDS: see MSDS.

sanitary code: the common name for a national health code, usually including provisions for the registration, control and oversight of such products as foods, beverages, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

sanitary landfill: the highest standard of land disposal of wastes. It is a planned facility constructed and operated in such a way that pollution and nuisance effects from the site are minimized, both during operation and after its closure.
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' Recycling & Solid Waste Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean '
by Keith E. Ripley

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