Temas Glossary

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wastewater: the spent or used water from residences, a community, farm, commercial or industrial establishment that contains dissolved or suspended matter.

wave power: the capture of energy from ocean waves to generate electricity.

wetland: an area regularly saturated by surface or groundwater and usually full of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Swamps, bogs and marshes are types of wetlands.

white goods: refrigerators, freezers, stoves, ovens, dishwashers, clothes washers and dryers, hot water heaters. Some countries also include air conditioners and microwave ovens in this category.

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD): a Geneva-based coalition of some 180 international companies from over 35 countries that claim a shared commitment to sustainable development based on "economic growth, ecological balance and social progress."

World Conservation Union (IUCN): Umbrella group based in Gland, Switzerland, created by UNESCO in 1947 "to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable." IUCN brings together 111 government agencies, more than 800 NGOs and some 10,000 scientists and experts from 181 countries.

WHO Certification Scheme: Officially known as the Certification Scheme on the Quality of Pharmaceutical Products Moving in International Commerce, the program was launched by WHO ensure that importing countries do not receive drugs which are banned or seen as substandard in their country of export.

World Meteorological Organization (WMO): the Geneva-based United Nations agency created in 1947 to coordinate, standardize and improve world meteorological and related activities.

World Health Organization (WHO): UN specialized agency created in 1948 to handle all health issues within the UN system and to serve as a vehicle in cooperating to address health emergencies. WHO's stated goal is "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible levels of health." It has brokered agreement on commonly accepted technical norms on a variety of environmental issues affecting human health, such as exposure to air and water contaminants, exposure to electromagnetic radiation, pesticide residue tolerances, proper management of GMOs, and waste management and disposal.

World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD): Also referred to as the "Rio +10" Summit, a global gathering held in 2002 in Johannesburg, South Africa, to examine progress in implementing Agenda 21 and discuss future directions and priorities in global work on sustainable development.

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' Recycling & Solid Waste Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean '
by Keith E. Ripley

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