the spent or used water from residences, a community, farm, commercial
or industrial establishment that contains dissolved or suspended matter.
wave power: the capture of energy from
ocean waves to generate electricity.
an area regularly saturated by surface or groundwater and usually
full of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
Swamps, bogs and marshes are types of wetlands.
goods: refrigerators, freezers, stoves, ovens, dishwashers,
clothes washers and dryers, hot water heaters. Some countries also include air conditioners and microwave ovens in this category.
Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD):
a Geneva-based coalition of some 180 international companies from
over 35 countries that claim a shared commitment to sustainable development
based on "economic growth, ecological balance and social progress."
World Conservation Union (IUCN): Umbrella
group based in Gland, Switzerland, created by UNESCO in 1947 "to influence,
encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the
integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural
resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable." IUCN brings
together 111 government agencies, more than 800 NGOs and some 10,000
scientists and experts from 181 countries.
Certification Scheme: Officially known as the Certification
Scheme on the Quality of Pharmaceutical Products Moving in International
Commerce, the program was launched by WHO ensure that importing countries
do not receive drugs which are banned or seen as substandard in their
country of export.
World Meteorological Organization
(WMO): the Geneva-based United Nations agency created
in 1947 to coordinate, standardize and improve world meteorological
and related activities.
World Health Organization
(WHO): UN specialized agency created in 1948 to handle
all health issues within the UN system and to serve as a vehicle in
cooperating to address health emergencies. WHO's stated goal is "the
attainment by all peoples of the highest possible levels of health."
It has brokered agreement on commonly accepted technical norms on
a variety of environmental issues affecting human health, such as
exposure to air and water contaminants, exposure to electromagnetic
radiation, pesticide residue tolerances, proper management of GMOs,
and waste management and disposal.
on Sustainable Development (WSSD): Also referred to as
the "Rio +10" Summit, a global gathering held in 2002 in Johannesburg,
South Africa, to examine progress in implementing Agenda 21 and discuss
future directions and priorities in global work on sustainable development.