a waste disposal site without environmental controls.
a term coined by the WBCSD, which defines it to mean providing "competitively
priced goods and services that satisfy human needs and bring quality
of life which progressively reducing environmental impacts of goods
and resource intensity throughout the entire life-cycle to a level
at least in line with the Earth's estimated carrying capacity."
durables: consumer goods that usually
last for many years, such as refrigerators, freezers, cars, dishwashers,
air conditioners, etc.
a special type of labeling intended to show that the product has been
designed to do less harm to the environment than similar products.
ecological-economic zoning (EEZ): a land-use planning process aimed at identifying different alternatives for the sustainable use of a certain space, based on the evaluation of its opportunities and limitations according to physical, biological, social, economic and cultural criteria. Once approved, EEZ is the technical and guiding instrument for the sustainable use of a certain space and its natural resources.
ecosystem: the interacting system of
a biological community and its non-living environmental surroundings.
ecosystem diversity: the variety of habitats
that occur within a region.
ecosystem services: TEEB defines these as "the direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems to human well-being," and distinguishes between provisioning (providing materials or energy outputs, such as food, medicines, biofuels, plant oils, freshwater), regulating (regulating the quality of air, water and soil, providing flood and disease control, and carbon sequestration and storage), habitat/supporting (providing living space for plants or animals and helping preserve biodiversity) and cultural (non-material benefits people obtain from contact with ecosystems, such as recreation, tourism, aesthetics, inspiration for art, etc.) services provided by ecosystems.
wastewater, treated or untreated, released by an industrial sources,
a sewage system or treatment plant.
the release of substance into the environment.
charges: direct payments based on a measurement or estimation
of the quantity and quality of a pollutant or pollutants emitted.
emissions trading: an environmental management
system that allows one emissions source to increase or not cut back
emissions by buying the "credits" of another emissions source that
cut emissions more than they are required to.
and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA): Collection of initiatives and projects launched at the Fifth Summit of the Americas in April 2009 to promote sustainable energy and climate cooperation in the Western Hemisphere, each led by a different American country and/or regional institutions. Originally the ECPA was focused on energy efficiency, renewable energy, cleaner fuels, energy poverty and infrastructure, but it was expanded in 2010 to include climate change adptation and sustainble land use and forestry.
efficiency: the more efficient use of energy by products
or systems to do the same or better job than conventional products
energy recovery: capture
of energy from waste, most often through incineration.
audit: the methodical examination of the interactions
between a facility and its surroundings, involving the identification
of environmental impacts and quantification of impacts. It may also
provide a means of monitoring a company's compliance with criteria
set by statutory Standards, internal policies or accepted industry
environmental impact assessment (EIA):
process, usually required by law, whereby a proposed project must
first be fully assessed for its possible impact on human and animal
health and the environment. EIA statements are required in many countries
and by more and more financial institutions before construction work
erosion: the wearing
away of land surface by wind or water, sometimes intensified by land
use practices related to such activities as logging, farming, road-building
or residential development.
e-scrap: end-of-life electrical and/or electronic devices (WEEE), their components and periperials, such as computers, cell phones, television sets, appliances, photocopiers, digital cameras, medical devices, etc. Some of these may contain hazardous substances or materials, such as heavy metals.